Wild Pacific Salmon: A Threatened Legacy

The family Salmonidae has a long history. It may go back 100 million years. Forty million years ago the earliest confirmed Salmonidae, a fish resembling a modern grayling, left its bones in lake sediments in British Columbia. Fifteen million years ago a six-foot stream-dwelling salmon with large curved breeding teeth known as the sabre tooth … Continue reading Wild Pacific Salmon: A Threatened Legacy

Lewis and Clark’s White Salmon Trout: Coho Salmon or Steelhead? 200 Years of Getting it Wrong Part Six

Following Steelhead to Spawning Headwaters in the Bitterroot Mountains  The Corps of Discovery was hell-bent to return as soon as possible to St. Louis, despite knowing that they were preceding the primary food source of the Native people on their homeward route up the Columbia, Snake, and Clearwater rivers – spring Chinook salmon. Full knowing … Continue reading Lewis and Clark’s White Salmon Trout: Coho Salmon or Steelhead? 200 Years of Getting it Wrong Part Six

Lewis and Clark’s White Salmon Trout: Coho Salmon or Steelhead? Part V

Part V: Quick Sand River to Celilo Falls Bill McMillan, June 15, 2017 William Clark. “A Map of Lewis and Clarks Track” from History of the Expedition under the Command of Captains Lewis and Clark, to the Sources of the Missouri, thence Across the Rocky Mountains and Down the River Columbia to the Pacific Ocean, 1814. … Continue reading Lewis and Clark’s White Salmon Trout: Coho Salmon or Steelhead? Part V

Memo to Columbia River Compact and the States of Washington, Oregon and Idaho Regarding Wild Steelhead Conservation Crisis

Respectfully submitted by The Conservation Angler Pete Soverel, President David Moskowitz, Executive Director Bill M. Bakke, Director of Science and Conservation Bill McMillan, Researcher and Archivist The Conservation Angler (TCA) shares the grave concerns about the health of the wild steelhead, particularly the health of B-run summer steelhead based on the 2017 pre-season forecasts presented … Continue reading Memo to Columbia River Compact and the States of Washington, Oregon and Idaho Regarding Wild Steelhead Conservation Crisis

Lewis and Clark’s White Salmon Trout: Coho Salmon or Steelhead? 200 Years of Getting it Wrong Part Four

by Bill McMillan The intent of the two expedition leaders on March 17, 1806 was to depart from the dreary confinement at Fort Clatsop the next day.  However, several of the men were sick, and there was an incessant rain/snow mix that prevented putting pitch over the cracks in the canoes needed for their long … Continue reading Lewis and Clark’s White Salmon Trout: Coho Salmon or Steelhead? 200 Years of Getting it Wrong Part Four

Lewis and Clark’s White Salmon Trout: Coho Salmon or Steelhead? 200 Years of Getting it Wrong Part Three

Part III: Fort Clatsop by Bill McMillan On Christmas of 1805 the Lewis and Clark Expedition moved into their winter quarters near the mouth of the Columbia River named for their neighbors, the Clatsop tribe.  32 men, one woman, one baby, and one large dog were confined to the 50 x 50 foot log enclosure … Continue reading Lewis and Clark’s White Salmon Trout: Coho Salmon or Steelhead? 200 Years of Getting it Wrong Part Three

Lewis and Clark’s White Salmon Trout: Coho Salmon or Steelhead? Part Two

Part Two: Canoe Camp to Cape Disappointment by Bill McMillan After 12 days, the five canoes were completed at Canoe Camp across from today’s Orofino, Idaho on the Clearwater River.  Thanks to the Nez Perce people, the men of the Corps of Discovery had mostly recovered from near starvation (although Capt. Clark felt ill from … Continue reading Lewis and Clark’s White Salmon Trout: Coho Salmon or Steelhead? Part Two

Lewis and Clark’s White Salmon Trout: Coho Salmon or Steelhead? Part One

Part I: Lemhi River to Canoe Camp on Clearwater River by Bill McMillan On August 12, 1805 Capt. Meriwether Lewis quietly exulted as he drank from a headwater spring of the Missouri River following a Shoshone trail to near the eastside crest of Lemhi Pass.  One part of the expedition’s purpose was complete, exploration to … Continue reading Lewis and Clark’s White Salmon Trout: Coho Salmon or Steelhead? Part One