The family Salmonidae has a long history. It may go back 100 million years. Forty million years ago the earliest confirmed Salmonidae, a fish resembling a modern grayling, left its bones in lake sediments in British Columbia. Fifteen million years ago a six-foot stream-dwelling salmon with large curved breeding teeth known as the sabre tooth salmon inhabited streams in central Oregon and coastal California. The modern salmon have been around for about two million years.3 While the long evolutionary history of salmon is interesting, we are going to focus our attention on the last ten thousand years of the wild salmon’s long history.